While in the Gregorian calendar, the individual months vary in length to accommodate the difference between the lunar cycle and the solar cycle, with a "leap day" inserted every four years to ensure that a year is 12 months long, in the Indian calendar, each month consists of two lunar fortnights, beginning with a new moon and containing exactly two lunar cycles.
Hindu calendar is based on astrological calculations. It is a lunar calendar which is based on the positions of moon and sun. Five essentials elements of the hindu calendars are Tithi (Thithi), Nakshatra, Yoga, Karana, Paksha and Vaara. Hindu festivals are celebrated as per the Hindu Calendar or Panchang.
The current national calendar of India was set up in 1957 by the Calendar Reform Committee that formalized a lunisolar calendar in which leap years coincide with those of the Gregorian calendar, and the months are named after the traditional Indian months. This reformed Indian calendar began with Saka Era, Chaitra 1, 1879, which corresponds to …
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